The Ministry of Human Resource Development has setup the National Technical Manpower Information System (NTMIS) with the Lead Centre at the Institute of Applied Manpower Research(IAMR), New Delhi and 21 Nodal Centres located in different states. The NTMIS has been sponsored by the Govt. Of India and has been functioning since 1983. It is a Scheme of the All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE), New Delhi.
Technical education in India contributes a major share to the overall education system and plays a vital role in the social and economic development of our nation. In India, technical education is imparted at various levels such as: craftsmanship, diploma, degree, post-graduate and research in specialized fields, catering to various aspects of technological development and economic progress.
The beginning of formal Technical Education in India can be dated back to the mid 19 th Century. The major policy initiatives in the pre-independence period included appointment of the Indian Universities Commission in 1902, issue of the Indian Education policy resolution in 1904 and the Governor General's policy statement of 1913 stressing the importance of Technical Education, the establishment of IISc in Bangalore, Institute for Sugar, Textile and Leather Technology in Kanpur, N.C.E. in Bengal in 1905 and Industrial schools in several provinces. Significant developments include:
All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) was set-up in November 1945 as a national level Apex Advisory Body to conduct survey on the facilities on technical education and to promote development in the country in a coordinated and integrated manner. And to ensure the same, as stipulated in, the National Policy of Education (1986), AICTE be vested with statutory authority for planning, formulation and maintenance of norms and standards, quality assurance through accreditation, funding in priority areas, monitoring and evaluation, maintaining parity of certification and awards and ensuring coordinated and integrated development and management of technical education in the country.
The Government of India (Ministry of Human Resource Development) also constituted a National Working Group to look into the role of AICTE in the context of proliferation of technical institutions, maintenance of standards and other related matters. The Working Group recommended that AICTE be vested with the necessary statutory authority for making it more effective, which would consequently require restructuring and strengthening with necessary infrastructure and operating mechanisms.
Pursuant to the above recommendations of the National Working Group, the AICTE Bill was introduced in both the Houses of Parliament and passed as the AICTE Act No. 52 of 1987. The Act came into force w.e.f. March 28, 1988. The statutory All India Council for Technical Education was established on May 12, 1988 with a view to proper planning and coordinated development of technical education system throughout the country, the promotion of qualitative improvement of such education in relation to planned quantitative growth and the regulation and proper maintenance of norms and standards in the technical education system and for matters connected therewith.
The purview of AICTE (the Council) covers programmes of technical education including training and research in Engineering, Technology, Architecture, Town Planning, Management, Pharmacy, Applied Arts and Crafts, Hotel Management and Catering Technology etc. at different levels.
The Institute of Applied Manpower Research (IAMR) is the only Institute of its kind. IAMR was established by the Government of India, in 1962 and will be commemorating its Golden Jubilee five years from now in 2012. The Director of the Institute is appointed by the Government of India and holds the rank of Secretary to the Central Government. The Faculty of the Institute specializes in a variety of disciplines reflecting the team's multi-disciplinary expertise. The Institute's Faculty has considerable international experience. Guest Faculty from India and abroad are invited to teach in its education and training programmes in collaboration with the Institute's own faculty. The Institute also benefits from contributions of a pool of professional resource persons engaged as consultants on specific assignments. IAMR welcomes Visiting Scholars.